Clinical and Preventive Cardiology
Our non-invasive cardiology department is run by a 15-year experienced cardiologist, Dr. Sanjay Sharma.
Non-invasive cardiologists focus on the detection and treatment of heart disease, using external tests—rather than instruments inserted into the body—to evaluate and diagnose cardiac disorders.
Patients with a history of heart disease, suspected valve disease or chest pain with unknown cause may be referred by their physician for a non-invasive evaluation.
- Coronary Artery Disease
CAD is a disease that happens when the arteries that supply blood, oxygen and nutrients to the heart become narrowed and developed blockage by build-up of cholesterol and plaque. When plaque builds up, they narrow your coronary arteries, decreasing blood flow to heart. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A CAD can also weaken the heart muscles over a period of time and can cause heart failure or arrhythmias.
- Heart Failure
Heart failure is a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle fails to pump enough blood to meet the body’s need for blood and oxygen. As a result of this, the body tries to compensate by enlarging, developing more muscle mass, and pumping faster. These temporary measures mask the problem of heart failure and some people don’t get aware of their condition. Heart failure can be of 3 types i.e. Left- sided heart failure, right-sided heart failure and congestive heart failure. The treatment plan may include lifestyle changes, medications, medical devices and surgical procedures.
Hypertension is often used in exchange of high blood pressure. The number of people living with hypertension is predicted to be 1.56 billion worldwide by the year 2025. Having a blood pressure higher than 140/90mmHg is the threshold defined for high blood pressure or hypertension. Risk factors such as obesity, greater intake of dietary salt, diabetes, kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and hyperparathyroidism. Changing your lifestyle can make a huge impact in controlling hypertension. In addition to lifestyle changes, the doctor may recommend medications such as thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, renin inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.
- Heart Attack
Heart Attack refers to death of heart muscle cells when it becomes starved for oxygen and nutrients. This can happen due to various reasons such as deposition of plaque or cholesterol in the arteries which supply oxygen and other nutrients to the heart. The symptoms may include chest discomfort, pain in both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach, and shortness of breath. The treatment can depend on the degree of blockage i.e. complete or partial. Depending on the results, you may be routed to one of the three treatments: medications, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
- Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatic fever is one of the complications associated with strep throat. The condition usually appears in children between the age of 5 and 15 and can cause stroke, permanent damage to the heart, and death if left untreated. Rheumatic Fever causes your body to attack its own tissues. The treatments include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and anticonvulsant medications.
Invasive Cardiology is a branch of cardiology surgery performed on the heart and vascular care through open surgery or percutaneous procedures. This type of surgery replaces the traditional way of surgery. The most common involving the surgery of heart is under x- ray visualization.
It basically and specifically focuses on the catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases.
Following are the conditions which can be treated buy invasive cardiology like
- Triple vessel disease,
- Carotid artery stenosis,
- Peripheral artery disease,
- Valvular problems,
- Aortic dilatation
- Pacemaker placement et cetera.